Author: Kristen Wheeler

Air Conditioning Installation – What You Need to Know

Air conditioning installation is a complex process. A good team will explain what goes on, answer your questions, and make sure you understand how to use your new system.

Your home cooling system consists of an outdoor unit for the compressor and an indoor evaporator coil. The refrigerant line set runs between these two units. Visit Website to learn more.

Before beginning air conditioning installation, the lead installer should inspect the site. During this visit, they should note any job details that may have been overlooked during initial consultations. They will also determine whether or not they need to bring any specialized equipment to your home. This will prevent them from having to return to their truck or shop, saving you both time and money.

The old air conditioner must be removed first. Then, the area around it should be cleared. It may be necessary to remove plants, stones, or other objects. The ground may have sunk or become uneven, and a new pad will have to be set up in order for the new unit to sit in the right spot. Moving an AC can cause severe damage, as the internal components are delicate and pressurized.

After the new outdoor pad is set, the technicians will install the new condenser. Afterward, they will connect the copper line set to the service valve, using a service rod and filler rod to ensure a leak-free connection. Then they will test the system, adding refrigerant as needed.

During this time, the technician will check and replace your thermostat (if needed). Typically, the new system will come with its own thermostat, so you won’t have to worry about buying one separately.

The indoor evaporator coil will then be installed. This might be in a closet or in the attic, depending on your home’s design. The installer will then re-connect the electrical wiring and add a filter dryer, which will protect the refrigerant lines from water and moisture.

Finally, the technicians will test and commission the system by switching it on and confirming that it is cooling. They will then clean up the work area and load the old equipment onto their truck.

It’s important to remember that any individuals handling refrigerant must have an EPA certification. This includes both the installation team and any subsequent service teams, as refrigerant is highly toxic. A reputable installation company will ensure that all workers meet these requirements before hiring them.


Air conditioning isn’t just a luxury, it’s an essential part of life for people who live in warm climates. Air conditioning installation is a task that requires the right equipment and trained professionals. A qualified HVAC contractor will know how to safely install and operate an air conditioner, even if there’s no ductwork.

Tools needed for AC unit installation vary by unit type and window size. But most jobs require the same basic types of tools.

A hammer is one of the most common HVAC installer tools. You want a hammer that’s lightweight because you’ll be toting it around with all your other tools, but strong enough to get the job done.

Screwdrivers are another must-have tool for air conditioning installation. You’ll need to loosen and tighten screws throughout the process, so look for sturdy, reliable screwdrivers that can handle the work.

Another important tool to have is an electrical tester, also known as a multimeter. These devices test outlets and other electrical components to make sure they’re working properly. This helps prevent electric shock and other hazards.

Finally, you’ll need a PVC pipe and a service disconnect to connect your air conditioning system to the power grid. A service disconnect has specific locations where the high voltage circuit from the panel can be connected and a separate location for the whip that brings power to your air conditioner. The PVC pipe will take moisture produced by the air conditioner to a primary and secondary condensate drain, which should be placed at least 10 feet away from other equipment such as TV antennas, plants, telephone books, gypsum boards and more.

For window units, be sure to measure the width of your window before you purchase a portable air conditioner. You’ll also need to ensure that the window and frame can support the weight of the unit and that it’s securely fastened in place. Lastly, you’ll need to secure the unit to prevent it from blocking fire escape windows and other exits. Ensure that the unit is supported from underneath or by installing supporting metal brackets, interior angles and other hardware to ensure that it’s safe and stable.

Thermostat Installation

Installing a programmable thermostat is a great way to save on monthly heating and cooling bills. It typically takes less than an hour to complete the installation, and you can usually recoup the cost of the new device within just one season of use.

Before you start working on the thermostat, turn off power to the furnace and air conditioner at your breaker box. Then, remove the old faceplate and screws to expose the piping and wiring. Take a picture of the wiring configuration to help you identify which wires go where when reinstalling the new unit. If the wires are corroded or worn, clean them with a utility knife and scrape off any insulation. Label the wires with a piece of masking tape or write a letter on each one to indicate the terminal it connects to (e.g., blue wire to connection B).

Now you can begin connecting the wiring. Most low-voltage thermostat wiring is color-coded and labeled, so simply push down on a matching tab or screw to put the wire in place. After you finish connecting the wires, mount the thermostat and set your program according to the instructions provided with the device. If you’re using a smart thermostat, like the Cync Thermostat, you’ll also need to download the app and complete the setup process.

When installing a replacement thermostat, review the manufacturer’s instructions carefully to ensure it’s compatible with your system. Most replacement units will work with most systems, but there are exceptions. Make sure the thermostat you choose is compatible with your existing piping and circuits, and note any special requirements for operating your HVAC system (e.g., a C-wire). If you don’t have a dedicated C-wire terminal, you can add one by purchasing a C-Wire transformer or kit from your local home improvement store. Once the new thermostat is wired, activate power to your breaker box and return it to the “On” position. Then, connect the Wi-Fi to your thermostat and download the app to get started with your new system. Afterward, be sure to switch the power back on for the air conditioning at the breaker box and test your new thermostat.


An accredited maintenance provider will visit your home annually to clean and inspect the various components of the air conditioning system. This includes the filters, coils, and refrigerant levels. The technician will also make any necessary adjustments and repairs. Regularly scheduled maintenance can prevent costly breakdowns and extend the life of your air conditioner.

A properly maintained air conditioning system will operate at optimal efficiency, meaning it consumes less energy to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature. This results in reduced energy bills and reduced environmental impact.

During routine maintenance, technicians can spot minor issues before they escalate into major problems that require costly repairs or even system replacement. For example, a minor issue such as a refrigerant leak can become more serious over time if left unresolved. Air conditioning maintenance reduces the likelihood of this escalation, saving you money on repair costs and energy bills.

While an air conditioning system requires some time to adjust to your home’s environment and climate conditions, it can operate at peak performance once these changes have been made. An air conditioning maintenance appointment provides your equipment with the adjustment it needs to ensure it is operating at its most efficient and reducing pollutants in the indoor air.

After removing the old air conditioning unit from the window, the maintenance team will use a refrigerant recovery machine to remove any remaining refrigerant and drain it into a tank. The team will also disconnect electrical wiring and shut off the circuit breaker for the old air conditioner. They will then install a disconnect box, if the old unit did not have one.

A few days after the installation is complete, the maintenance team will return to perform a follow-up inspection. This will include testing the thermostat, making sure airflow is good, and answering any questions or concerns you may have.

Air conditioning maintenance appointments may seem like a minor inconvenience, but the benefits of regularly scheduled visits are far more significant. A well-functioning air conditioner is a safe and reliable way to keep your family cool throughout the summer, without risk of expensive damage or sudden breakdowns.

How to Choose the Right Window Replacement for Your Home

The right windows can dramatically improve your home’s comfort and curb appeal. But it’s important to choose a window manufacturer that offers options and customization that align with your vision.

Window Replacement

Insert window replacement involves installing new windows within an existing frame, preserving interior and exterior trim. Also known as frame-in-frame replacement, it’s an option for homeowners who want to avoid removing their siding. Visit to learn more.

When it comes to replacing windows, there are many decisions to make—style, color, material, shape, cost and installation tactics. But perhaps the most important consideration is how you’ll use the new windows. Whether you want to let in more light, improve air circulation or make the house more energy efficient, you need to decide which type of window is best for you and your home.

Replacement windows are a great way to make these changes without major construction. These windows slide into the existing frame of an old window, keeping the exterior trim and sill intact. You can choose between full-frame replacement windows, which require removing the entire wall system surrounding the window opening, and insert replacement windows, which simply replace the sash in the existing frame.

With both types of replacement windows, it’s crucial that the window fits properly. A window that doesn’t fit well will let in water, cold air and debris and cause damage to the frame and trim, requiring costly repairs or even total demolition and reconstruction.

To ensure that the new replacement window fits, start by measuring diagonally across the window to make sure it’s square. Then, loosely fasten the new window with screws in the lower left and upper right corners. This allows you to adjust the window if necessary until it’s perfectly square and aligned with the jamb opening.

Once the window is in place, check the fit with a bubble level and shims. If the window is leaning, add shims between the window and the sill to prop it up. You can also add shims behind the jambs to keep them straight.

Once the window is shimmied in place, apply caulk along the outside edge of the frame to seal it against the wall. Caulk can be purchased from a hardware store and can be applied with a putty knife or caulking gun. When the caulk dries, you can remove any excess with a utility knife or handsaw. Finally, install or reinstall any inside stops that were removed to accommodate the new window and paint the casings or stain them, if desired.

Replacement Sashes

The window sash holds both the glass and the frame that surrounds it in place. It is important for the sash to stay fixed in place and move up and down smoothly, but if this sash becomes damaged or fails, it can allow water and air into your home and can even cause structural damage to your house’s wooden windows.

While you can replace your entire window frame with a new sash, this can be quite costly. In many cases, repairing the sash instead is more affordable and can get your window back up and running.

When it comes to sash repair or replacement, the first step is to find out whether your sash can be saved by simply de-glazing it and using the existing frame. This is often the case with older, double-hung wood sash windows.

Once this has been confirmed, a bespoke timber window specialist will be able to create a brand-new sash to match your current one’s measurements. This can then be fitted to your window frame and should ensure that your sash will be firmly in place and able to move up and down.

If you’re planning on replacing your sash, the next step is to purchase a kit from an online or physical retailer. The kits will typically include everything you need to repair your sash. This will include a top or bottom sash, compression jamb liners for both sides of the window, a sill dam, and a head parting stop. They will also have a coil spring block and tackle that will replace the original balancing weights, ensuring that your sash stays in place and moves up and down correctly.

It’s important to note that while a sash replacement is easier to install than a whole new window, it should still be carried out by a qualified installer. This is because the installation process will require you to drill into your brickwork and your new sash will need to comply with building regulations. This means you’ll need to be issued with a FENSA certificate, or similar, from your local authority.

Replacement Glass

In many cases it is possible to replace just the glass in your windows, doors or patio doors rather than replacing the entire window unit. This is usually a quicker and less expensive option. However, it may not provide the long-term benefits or energy efficiency of a full window replacement.

Generally, a new window pane is inserted into the existing frame using either glazing compound or metal glass points. The glass is then set into a bed of putty or double-sided tape. This creates a weather seal to prevent air from entering the house around the pane of glass.

First, you must remove the old sash. This can be done with a pry bar, though some windows have parting stops that must also be removed. If you’re replacing a double or triple-paned window, it is important to keep in mind that there are different types of glass between each pane that should not be mixed up. These different glass types require different types of sealants, which are typically available from window professionals.

Once the sash is removed, it’s important to clean the frame before installing the new window glass. This will help ensure that the new window is installed properly, and it’s a good idea to apply a layer of silicone caulk to the interior and exterior edges of the frame to ensure a tight fit.

Next, you need to measure the width and height of the window opening. You’ll want to subtract 1/8-inch from each measurement to use as the size for your new pane of glass. This will allow the window to be inserted with ease and provides room for seasonal expansion and contraction.

Once you have the measurements for your new glass, take them to a home center or hardware store and have them cut. When installing the new window, follow the old carpenter’s adage: “Measure twice, cut once.” This will ensure that the pane is a snug fit in the frame and reduce drafts.

If you’re replacing a double or even triple-paned window, don’t forget to check your warranty. Depending on the window brand and your original purchase date, this work may be covered under the manufacturer’s warranty.

Replacement Frames

If the existing window frame is in good condition and you’re only looking to change the glass, then insert windows may be a smart choice. This method of installation, also known as “frame-in-frame replacement,” allows new windows to be inserted into the existing window opening, preserving interior and exterior trim and structure. To do this, the old sash, operating hardware and covers are removed and the window frame is anchored, insulated and sealed. This type of replacement is available for double-hung, casement, picture and awning windows.

One of the biggest benefits of this option is that it reduces costs because your home’s overall construction remains intact. Another advantage is that less work needs to be done to the surrounding trim, siding and brickwork. However, you will be limited in your ability to change the size and shape of the window and it won’t be as energy efficient as a full-frame replacement.

In order to install a new window, your contractor will first need to take measurements of the existing frame and casing. This will ensure that the new window fits properly and doesn’t create any leaking or drafts. The next step will be to remove the existing sash and frame components, using a pry bar to loosen the nail fins that hold them in place. This will allow your contractor to check for any rot or damage. If they find any, your contractor will need to repair or replace them before installing the new window.

The new window will be installed into the window rough opening with shims to help keep it secure and even. A foam backer rod is then inserted into the gap between the window and casing. It’s then caulked to seal the gap and prevent air leakage.

This style of installation allows your contractor to check for any problems with the existing window frame and sill, including rot or water damage. It also ensures that the new window is a proper fit, which helps improve energy efficiency and reduce maintenance requirements. In addition, full-frame replacement allows for the installation of modern spray foam insulation that can drastically decrease noise infiltration, lower your energy bills and increase your home’s comfort.